What is Gigabit Media Independent Interface (GMII)?

What is Gigabit Media Independent Interface (GMII)?
The Gigabit Media Independent Interface (GMII), specified by IEEE Std 802.3 Clause 35, is a standard interface designed to facilitate ...
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Media-Independent Interface

Media-Independent Interface (MII & RMII) in Ethernet

The Media-Independent Interface (MII) serves as a standardized method for connecting Ethernet MAC (Media Access Control) devices to PHY (Physical ... Read more
Understanding RS485 Standard and working of RS485 transceiver

Understanding RS485 Standard and Working of RS485 Transceiver

RS-485 is a balanced data transmission standard for serial communication. RS-485 facilitates the robust transmission of moderate data rates across ... Read more
Understanding the the ethernet phy and its components

Understanding the Ethernet PHY and its Components

Ethernet is a widely used technology in LAN networking, offering data-link and physical specifications for controlling access to a shared ... Read more
What is Ethernet

What is Ethernet?

The diagram below was drawn by Dr. Robert M. Metcalfe in 1976 to present Ethernet to the National Computer Conference ... Read more
What is Ripple Factor

What is Ripple Factor?

In power supply circuits, ripple factor is a critical parameter because it affects the stability and quality of the DC ... Read more
What is Full Wave Rectifer

What is Full Wave Rectifier?

A full wave rectifier is an electronic circuit used to convert alternating current (AC) into pulsating direct current (DC). Unlike ... Read more
how to interface DDR4 SDRAM Memory

How to Interface DDR4 SDRAM Memory?

The DDR4 memory controller, adhering to the JESD79-4 standard, facilitates seamless communication between processors and DDR4 SDRAM memory devices. It ... Read more
What is DDR4 SDRAM

What is DDR4 SDRAM?

DDR4 SDRAM represents a significant improvement from its predecessor, DDR3, offering higher bandwidth, increased memory module densities, and improved signal ... Read more
What is Half wave rectifier

What is Half Wave Rectifier?

Half-wave rectifiers are considered the most fundamental and straightforward type of rectifiers. They represent the basic concept of rectification in ... Read more
On-die Termination

On-die Termination (ODT)

Before delving into “On-Die Termination”, let’s first try to understand the concept of “Terminations”. Why is termination necessary? High speed, ... Read more